Maintaining proper oral hygiene is imperative to preserve the health of the teeth and prevent the accumulation of food residues and dental plaque. The plaque is a sticky substance that adheres to the teeth and is made up of mucus, food residues and bacteria. When the bacterial plaque is abundant in the oral cavity, it is very probable that the bacteria present in that substance gradually wears out the dental enamel or penetrate the tooth through the interdental line causing little by little the formation of a caries.

Tooth decay is the main enemy of oral health. This disease occurs due to the acid that bacteria generate when they metabolize the sugar from food. This acid gradually wears out all the tissues of the dental structure until it significantly impairs the health of the tooth and jeopardizes its permanence in the oral cavity. When caries progresses and until it enters the deepest part of the tooth known as pulp or nerve, it is necessary to immediately do the root canal in order to save the tooth.

When is a Root Canal Performed?

As explained earlier, the endodontics takes place when the pulp is so affected by the accumulation of bacteria in the deepest part of the tooth and it becomes necessary to remove it so as not to compromise the useful life of the dental structure. There are a few factors that can cause a dental infection, the most common are as follows;

Tooth Decay

It is the most common cause of the pulpal infection that results in root canal treatment. When caries is very aggressive and quickly passes the enamel and dentin, it meets the nerve endings of the pulp and begins to cause significant pain. Once the decay has reached the pulp, endodontics is the only thing that can be done to deal with this issue.

Periodontal Disease

It is one that affects the health of the gums and begins with gingivitis which causes inflamed gums, bleeding, bad breath and pain in the tooth tissue. When the gums are inflamed and retracted, the bacteria more easily penetrate the tooth through the interdental line, which facilitates their access to the pulp.

Tooth Infection

Any oral infection can penetrate the teeth and reach its deepest part.

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