Dental implants are metal devices used to replace lost teeth instead of using dentures or bridges. They’re made of titanium and are implanted surgically in the mouth. There are a few different types of successful replacements for the natural teeth lost when you do not want to deal with dentures or bridges.
Dental Root Implants
Dental implants in the form of root are as close as it can get to the natural teeth you lost. They’ve right shape and size for the same look as a natural tooth. Each root implant is placed into the bone through an incision in the gums. In the coming months, the bone attaches to the implant, leaving you with a solid, natural-looking tooth replacement. It is good for the replacement of a single tooth or several substitutes, as long as there is enough healthy, solid bone remaining to maintain the dental implants.
Plate Form Dental Implants
It is used when there is not enough bone mass or the maxillary bone is too narrow for a root implant. Bone grafting may be an option to increase bone area and use of root implants, but if that is not an option, the dental implant in the form of plate is the next step. It’s long and narrow to fit the smallest bone available, placed through an incision just like the root shape, although a much larger one to accommodate its size. Like the shape of the root of the dental implants, it will take a few months for the healing and growth of the bone on the implant.
It is applied when there is extreme case of bone loss, leaving the other two types of implants unusable. It’s designed to sit under the gums but on the top of the jaw bone. There’re two ways to get the fit as subperiosteal dental implant requires i.e. the impressions of the jaw after your surgeon has exposed the bone through an incision or a tomography taken before surgery. As with the two previous dental implants, surgery is required to expose the jawbone for implants and several months of recovery time is required.
It is applied with removable prostheses. The metal inserts are placed in the maxillary bone with small passage exposed to the left above the gums. The lower part of the prosthesis is hooked into the exposed part, leaving the dentures solidly in place.